November 17, 2018

The Origin of Optometry

Image Credit Pixabay.com

The Origin of Optometry is somewhat debated and, like all good origin stories, it is rife with key players laying claim to the title of founding Father.

But many Peoples are agree that the word itself came about as early as 1731, when Scottish physician William Porterfield what he called an optometer  to carry out Christopher Scheiner’s  experiment for measuring refraction. More than 150 years later, both optometer and optometry appear in Swiss ophthalmologist Edmund Landolt’s 1886 text book The Refraction and Accommodation of the Eye and Their Anomalies.

Around that time-the late 1800s-refracting opticians got down to the business of separating themselves from dispensing opticians and felt the desire to rename their nascent profession. Review of Optometry, itself no stranger to name changes, debuted in 1891 as The Optician. Always an advocate for change, the publication played a key role in the early effort to enact the profession’s name change. In 1895, the first issue of the newly renamed Optical Journal included an article by R.H. Knowles, MD, which declares, “The instrument used for determining eye defects is called an optometer,” and “the science of using this instrument is called optometry.”

Just a few years later in 1899, Frederick Boger, The Optical Journal’s founder and editor, became the first to lobby for the adoption of the title optometry. “While the term optician fully covers all branches in which opticians are now engaged, the new profession will have to adopt some other title distinctive of what it has to deal with,” Mr. Boger wrote. “The word optometry has come much into vogue recently and seems to be popular and to fit the case.”

Four years later, the term was officially adopted by the American Optometric Association. As recorded by a 1938 article in the Optical Journal, Dr. Emanuel Klein-not Dr. Knowles-coined the term optometrist some time before 1902 as an alternative to opticist, which had been advocated by Dr. Charles Prentice. Dr. Klein then suggested to his friend, Dr. John C. Eberhardt, that he introduce a proposal to optometry and optometrist at the 1903 AOA convention in Atlantic City. The proposal was deferred to the next year’s convention, during which Dr. Eberhardt, now the president of the AOA, reintroduced it for adoption, “A long discussion followed but closed with the unanimous adoption of two words,” along with their related definitions.

In a 1941 retrospective, Dr. John Jarvis, then director of the AOA department of public relations, reflected on the vote. “It is my understanding that Eberhardt had been trained as an engineer. He was therefore of that type of mind enamored of accuracy, so he sought a Greek root. The term ‘Optician’ did not, in his opinion, express clearly enough the work to be done by the fast moving group who wanted a profession.”

Referred from :-  (https://www.reviewofoptometry,com/article/we-shall-be-known-as-optometrists)

Who are Optometrists?

Our eyes plays such an important function in our lives and optometrists take a leading role in helping us understand the link between the condition of our eyes and our general health and brain health.

Their first and foremost role is to provide primary eye care as an Optometrist, addressing both eye health and vision concerns. This includes undertaking testing, assessment and diagnosis; and providing vision correction through vision training, glasses or contact lenses. Optometrist may also prescribe antibiotics and other topical treatments for ocular conditions if necessary. Then they need to communicate these results with other health providers, refer to Ophthalmologists for surgery, or liaise with a GP to set up a co-management strategy to address any particular health concerns.

Referred from :- (https://www.medibank.com.au/livebetter/be-magazine/wellbeing/the-role-of-an-optometrist/)

Vital role of Optometrist in present-

Initially, Now a Days Optometry profession is becoming more valuable and precious from the past. So, from the above circumstances as we all know that Optometry is a primary health care of eye. From the beginning Optometry is known for vision specialist and Have a strong potential on Refraction apart from the diagnosis method.

Currently it splits a huge phenomenon on the field of health care of Eye regarding Ophthalmologist and Optician. This Optometry field has a much more ability to working on eye. Similarly, Optometrists diagnose and treat visual disorders and Medical conditions of the eye. Some functions include:-

*They can do external and internal (dilated) examination of the eye.

          *Performing Refractive examinations.

          *Prescribing medical devices such as Glasses and Contact Lenses.

          *Prescribing appropriate Medicines.

          *In some way, Optometrists can perform minor surgeries including LASIK procedures.

Video Credit : Diabetes NSW & ACT & Youtube

Referred from :-     (https://www.medibank.com.au/livebetter/be-magazine/wellbeing/the-role-of-an-optometrist/)

 

Specialization in Optometry Field-

There are some numerous Optometric sub-specialties including-

*Vision therapy and rehabilitation.

     *Low vision management.

     *Cornea and specially contact lenses.

     *Pediatric Optometry.

     *Surgical co-management at surgical Ophthalmology practices such as witness of vision group.

      Optometrists work in conjunction with surgeons by performing pre and post-operative care,

      Including the refractive exams which determine treatment plans for LASIK, Cataract, and other

      Vision correction surgeries

What should be good for your health and eye?

Similarly, which is good for your body will also be good for your eye-

*Eat well those which are hygienic.

     *Rest well and sleep about 5 to 6 hours in a day.

     *Drink plenty of water near about 3.7 liters for male and 2.7 liters for female in a day.

     *And try to eat those fresh fruits and vegetables.

     *Also we all know that fish eyes are commonly known for its benefit to improve the vision.

      And for those who are with vision impairment and blindness, consume fish eyes regularly

      May help to treat the conditions (The benefit works due to nutrient named Omega-3fatty

      Acids

Referred from :-    (http://drhealthebenifits.com/food-bevarages/fish/health-benifits-of-fish-eyes)

*Regular eye examinations are important to protect your sight and general health and well-being.

Always keep in touch with your Consultant Optometrist an Ophthalmologist.

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About Ronit Sharma 2 Articles
Student of BOPTM (Bachelor of Clinical Optometry) from Tripura Institute of Paramedical Sciences , love to do blogging, Creative Person.